100 Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences Examples and Definition
Simple Compound and Complex Sentences
To express our ideas and thoughts or make a statement, we use sentences. In English, there are three main types of sentences. These sentence types are called “Simple Sentences, Compound Sentences, and Complex Sentences”. Throughout this page, you will be able to learn what are those sentences, how to use these sentences, and is there any crucial difference between them. Let’s start with the basics.
What is a sentence?
The sentence is the grammar structure that has a meaning and at least has a subject and a verb. Even if the imperative sentences can be formed by just a word, they have subjects, too. The subject of imperative sentences is “you”.
Simple sentences are the sentences that are created by using a subject and a verb. Of course, this type of sentence can have objects and other elements of the sentence, too. Simple sentences can express total thought or action in the same context. Let’s see this type of sentence with examples.
- Pour some sugar on my tea.
(“Pour” is the verb, “some sugar” is the object, “you” is the hidden subject.)
- Sailors were setting sail and singing an old sailor song together.
(“Sailors” is the subject, “setting sail and singing” is the verb. This sentence is a simple sentence because the context remains the same. There is no change in the meaning flow.)
- The pack of wolves was crying for the moon.
(“The pack of wolves” is the subject, “crying” is the verb.)
- The students from Wesleyan University ate local foods in the city and came to their hotel earlier.
(“The students from Wesleyan University” is subject, “ate and came” are the verbs. This sentence is a simple sentence because there is no change in the flow of the sentence.)
Compound sentences are sentences that have two different (also known as an independent) clauses. You can think of these independent clauses as two different meanings in a sentence. Compound sentences created by two different sentences with two different meanings. In other words, compound sentences are made by two simple sentences. Two bound them together we use conjunction. Let’s see in the examples. The bold words are conjunctions.
- I was looking for my kitten all day long, but it seems like he was asleep under my blue blanket.
- I chopped all the salmons for the dinner, so we will be able to have a romantic dinner with my girlfriend.
- Geralt of Rivia was on the track of his daughter Ciri, but the Wild Hunt was creating problems on his journey.
- The burglars in the museum were in black clothes, so they will never be recognized by the security cameras.
- Raise your horns up to the sky because we will drink for the glory tonight.
- Tomorrow will take us away far from home and the bards’ songs will remain.
- I don’t know what makes you that beautiful, but your beauty is irresistible.
Complex sentences are the sentences that we generally use to express a continual process. Not only the processes but the explanations about the happenings can also take place. The grammar structure to express a process or an explanation is called a dependent clause. A dependent clause is used to explain an independent clause deeper. A dependent clause has no single meaning without the independent clause of it. Let’s see it in the examples.
- After all the things you have done to me, my only option is to bid you farewell.
(“After all the things you have done to me” is the dependent clause of this sentence. “My only option is to bid you farewell” is the independent clause of the sentence.)
- For all this time, I’ve been loving you.
(The dependent clause of this sentence is “for all this time”. The independent clause is “I’ve been loving you. The role of the dependent clause is to express the time or the process.)
- I am a man who walks alone.
(The dependent clause here is “who walks alone”. The independent part is “I am the man”.)
- You should kiss your beloved one while your lips are still red.
(The part of the sentence before “while” is the independent clause, the rest of the sentence is the dependent clause)