What are The Comparative Adjectives? Definition and Detailed List
Do you always hear about comparative adjectives but not sure how to use them? Are you want to learn more about the rules? You can take a look at our examples and learn more!
What are the comparative adjectives?
We all use comparative adjectives when we want to compare two or more things with each other. There are some rules you need to follow while using them in sentences. You also should know some exceptions to be able to use them properly.
- Add -er at the end of adjectives if the adjective has one syllable.
- As an exception to this rule, remove -y and add -ier at the end of the adjective if it ends with the consonant -y.
- When the adjective ends with a consonant + vowel + consonant, the last consonant letter doubles itself while adding -er.
- There is an exception for this exception if the adjective ends with -w.
- If the adjective consists of two or more syllables, we use ‘less’ or ‘more’ before the adjective while comparing two things in a sentence.
- There are irregular adjectives that do not fit any of the rules above.
You can find examples for all rules below:
One syllable (no rules) examples
When I come back home, I want to find it cleaner.
I am telling you! She is shorter than me!
Jack thinks that he is younger than you, but I know he is older.
Why this room is darker than the kitchen? Can you open the lights, please?
My lectures are harder than ever this year.
I guess this summer will be warmer than last year.
Exceptions: (ending with -y) examples
This book is scarier than The Shining.
The teacher said that the final exam will be easier than midterms.
I know Mark is funnier than Kim, but I like Kim more.
My grandmother seems happier when my aunt joins to dinner.
I don’t think I can carry this bag; this is heavier than the previous one.
One syllable (consonant+vowel+consonant) examples
Could you please change this cold one with a hotter cup of coffee?
Which shampoo should I buy, the small one or the bigger one?
Exceptions (ending with -w) examples
Can we run slower, please? I cannot breathe anymore!
If you don’t keep studying, your grades will be lower this semester.
Two or more syllables examples
Janice is more successful than you think, she has written more than 12 books.
Do you think that this necklace is less valuable than mine? No way!
I want to buy something more expensive than his gift.
If you learn this language, it will be more beneficial for your career.
You will beat Rachel in this game if you become less nervous than her.
Irregular comparative adjectives examples
Lily is bad at writing, but Phoebe is worse than her.
I know this plan is good, but it will be better if we invite more people to our party.
You are not far enough. You should go further so I can check if I can see you.